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Banpo Museum

Brief Introduction
Bnapo Museum is the first Chinese prehistoric site museum, except for the cultural relic exhibitant room, there still displays a protected hall covers an area of about 3000 centiares where was originally the residential village of the dwellers. The museum located on the eastern suburd of Xi'an City. The relics of houses, cellars, and kitchen range pits and the parted male-female tombs etc. such living and production articles had show us a vivid picture of the typical Neolithic matriarchal community tracing back to 6,000 years ago. It possesses a high value in researching the Chinese original society. The museum has received more than two million people since it opened to public in 1958 publicly.

Matriarchal Society
Six to seven thousand years ago, a stable village was built by a late Neolithic people. It was a matriarchal society based on farming. The houses were constructed of thatch over wood beams while the floors were sunk two to three feet into the ground. Heat was provided by a central fire. Food was stored in underground caves, dug deep enough to protect the provisions from being devoured by wildlife or contaminated by insects. Architecture, village organization, and food storage methods appear to have been strikingly similar to the way of life of some Native American plains tribes.
People were used to work together in that period. They dug a trench around the entire complex both for protection and for drainage. There was a large meeting hall in the center of the village and a place for central storage. Most of the tools as axes, hoes, and knives were of stone, but some implements were of bone like needles for sewing. The stone tools look remarkably sharp, but it was still fortunate that the Banpo settled in an area where the soil was loose and easily tilled.
Art, in the form of geometric designs and human and animal figures, is found on many of the pots. Some of the pottery items have marks scratched on them that may well anticipate a form of writing. The village pottery produced specialized pots for drinking, storage, cooking, and burial.

Construction
The originally-styled gate decoration, female stone carving on the water-flowing pool and the four words "Banpo site" written by Guo Moruo, all of which have contributed to the regression feels of nature, history and arts.
The museum itself has three exhibition rooms and a relic hall, where the tourists could find both innocent belongs to children and trace left by the ancestors.
The primary production tools and domestic tools used by the original Banpo people, including axes, chisels, sickles, and stone which could draw a general picture of the prodution activities thousands of years ago. It is indeed the deep impression left to us when entering the first Exhibition Hall. Apart from that, social life and cultural artwork and adornment could be reflected in a degree.
The Second Hall, which contains two halls, displays auxiliary things. Special shows are held here on ethnology, folklore and the history of art related to the prehistoric culture.
The whole Bnapo Site Hall would be divided into three sections, a residential hall, a pottery-made hall and tomb area, in which the residential area is the principle part, including the huts, kilns and tombs of the primitive residents. All these drew us an outline of the aboriginal village and the hard conditions of the forebearrs in pursuing the civilization, reflecting the production level and the social systems at that period of time.

The Banpo Matriarchal Clan Community Village
The Banpo Matriarchal Clan Community Village is a kind of extension if the Bnapo Museum. Its establishment is on the precondition of protecting the relics. According to the archaeological excavated data, the village has took the rare patrimony from underground up to overground that has reappeared the matrilineal clan commune period of the Neolithic period. The village has enriched the museum connotation, flourished the long cultural history and assembled the prehistorical art, customs and village life in Yellow River drainage area. It takes a lot the advantage of cultural relics, made itself to be a well combination of research, archaeology, teaching, traveling and entertainment. Entitled the name of " the first village of HuXia".

Today
In 1996, the Banpo Museum has been fixed as one of the Hundred National Patriotism Education Demonstration Base. Later in the following year, the museum confirmed to be one spot among the Ten Xi'an Tourist Scenic Spots, also as an important relic protection site by State Department.

 


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