Huaqing Hot Spring

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Huaqing Hot Spring

Huaqing Hot Spring is situated some 30 kilometers east of Xi'an City, at the foot of Lishan Mountain in Lintong County. The pool is a branch range of the Qinling Range, and up to 1,256 meters high. The entire area are covered with green-colored pines and cypresses that looks like a dark green galloping horse from a long distance.
For years, it turned out to be a must to tourists as a scenery appealing. It is famed for both its dainty spring scenery and the romantic love story of Emperor XuanZong (685-762) and his concubine Yang Guifei in the Tang Dynasty (618-907). Both its long history and romantic-colored atmosphere are attractive.

For centuries emperors and his concubines had came here to bathe and enjoy the natural beauty, later since the beginning of the Tang dynasty it had became a wonderful spa as well. In winter days, snowflakes are floating in the air and everything in sight was white, so it was also named Frost Drifting Hall. However, they came into thaw at once in front of the hall. It owed a great deal to the luke warm vapor rising out of the hot spring. Historically speaking, the Western Zhou dynasty saw the construction of the Li Palace on the spot. It is said that the Emperor ZhouYou once would be treat here as his summer palace. Then in the Qing dynasty a pool was built with stones, and was given the name Lishan Hot Spring. The place was enlarged into a palace during the period of Han dynasty, and changed the name into Li Palace, means the Resort Palace. And in the Tang dynasty, Emperor TaiZong Li Shimin ordered to build the Hot Spring Palace, then following the Lishan Mountain surrounded walled palace by Emperor XuanZong in the year 747 that known as Huaqing Palace. Been based upon its location that on the hot spring, the name Huaqing Hot Spring as well be given.

Four Springs
At this spa there could be again be divided into four separate hot springs, all of which are possess the hourly water flow of 112 tons, and a constant temperature of 43ˇăC. One of them was found in the XiZhou dynasty in the 11th BC, about the year 771 BC, the left three ones were impoldered after liberation.
The spring water contains lime, sodium carbonate, sodium sulphate and other minerals, which makes it suitable for bathing and considerable treatment of quite a few diseases such as dermatosis, rheumatism, arthritis and muscular pain. The Fine Sunset-Bathed Pavilion marks the first source of the spring water, which was discovered some 3,000 years ago, roughly in the Western Zhou Dynasty. Its water flow averages 25 tons per hour.

A tablet engraved with the words "Huaqing Hot Spring" by a famous Chinese literary Guo Moruo lies on top of the gate. Entering the gate there are two towing cedars that welcomed the visitors. Two palace-style plunge baths are in symmetrical positions, with the Nine-Dragon Lake on the coming right side. The lake is not big and quite like a mirror, limpid and clean with roes of willows surrounded. Yichun Palace is on the east bank and north is the building groups with the main structure Feishuang Palace. Yichun Hall and Chenxiang Hall respectively in the east and west as well as Nine Bend Corridor and Dragon Marble Boat. Walking southwards through Dragon Marble Boat and several pavilions, you will find the Site of Imperial Pool, which is the only one of its kind to be discovered in China. The five remaining pools are the Lotus Pool, Haitang Pool, Shangshi Pool, Star Pool and Prince Pool. The lotus-like Lotus Pool was made for the Emperors' bath, the Haitang Pool resembling a Chinese Crabapple was intended for concubines, and the Shangshi Pool was designated for officials.

As its magnificent beauty and enjoyable environment, there still exist many romantic legends.
The magnificent Frost Flying Hall used to be the bedroom of Emperor Xuanzong and Yang Guifei, with red supporting pillars and fine-patterned carving. Living in a place so full of spice must have made the inhabitants invigorated and pleased.And it is said that the former Star Pool had no roof and nothing to cover its four sides. There, must have been possible to truly experience the eternal beauty of Yang Guifei.

History Incident
The Xi'an Incident took place on December 12, 1936, and it is also known as the Double Twelfth Incident was as well happened here and Jiang Jieshi was once lived here. After the Incident of September 18, 1936, the Japanese imperialists seized the three provinces northeast of China, and intensified their invasion of North China. This was the very moment vital to the Chinese nation. In order to avoid a civil war and try t establish a national united front for the resistance against Japan, Mao Zedong on behalf of the C.C.P.C. insisted on a peaceful settlement of the Incident. Therefore, a delegation headed by Zhou Enlai was sent to Xi'an. Zhou Enlai and his suite did a large amount of work there, took everything possible into consideration, and ultimately forced Chiang Kaishek to accept the proposal by his two generals. On December 25, Chiang was freed, and flew back to Nanjing. The Xi'an Incident was so peacefully settled.The peaceful settlement of the Incident put an end to the internal war that had lasted for ten years, and accelerated the formation and development of the national united front for the anti-Japanese drive. Moreover, it showed that the co-operative relationships between the Communist and Nationalists arrived at a new stage. It marked a great turning point in modern Chinese history.

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