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Tomb of Crown Prince Zhanghuai

Tomb of Crown Prince Zhanghuai
The same as the Tomb of Princess YongTai, the Tomb of Crown Prince Zhanghuai as well as a part belongs to the Qianling Mausoleum. Its structure is quite similar the Princess' tomb with tunnels, coffin chambers and a number of buried treasures hidden.

Prince ZhangHuai
He was the second son of Emperor Gao Zong and Empress Wu Zetian, named Li Xian, who had a somewhat rough life as a Prince. Though he has ever been entitled the Crown Prince in 675 A.D., only five years later was he deprived of the title and exiled to Bazhou, the present Sichuan Province ordered by Empress Wu Zetian. As a matter of fact, it was only an event created by her for she thought that the Prince ZhangHuai had tried to taunt her by way of composing the book in which The Historical Records of the Later Han dynasty were written. Later in 648 AD, Li Xian died mysteriously in Bazhou at his early age of 31. After Emperor Zhongzong returned to the throne, he had Li Xian's remains buried near Qianling. Only after 706 AD, year in which Wu Zetian's death, Li Xian was awarded the title of Crown Prince Zhanghuai.

It is a tomb that quite similar to the Tomb of Princess YongTai, but a bit smaller in scale. It is situated on the southeast of the Qianling Mausoleum with the length of 71 meters, width 3.3 meters and depth 7 meters. The most excellent and fascinating point in the tomb is the wall painting covering some 400 square meters. From which we could generally draw an outline of his whole life. Among these charming paintings Courtiers and Foreign Envoys, Hunting Procession, Polo Game and Watching Birds and Catching Cicadas demonstrate superb artistic achievements of the Tang dynasty.
And the The painting of Courtiers and Foreign Envoys on the eastern wall, in the middle of the tomb tunnel vividly reproduces two enthusiastic Tang officials with three foreign envoys from India, Korea and the Tujue tribe followed in exotic clothes. It reflects the active exchange of friendly and diplomatic visits between China and foreign countries in the Tang dynasty.

Polo Picture
"Polo Picture" is a fresco on the mausoleum west wall with more than 20 horse-riding personage on it, displaying a very mighty and grand scene. Here is the selected part of one people one ride only. We can see the picture lines are very refined. It sketches the contours of exaggerative personage movements and horse's vigorous figures with a few lines. Polo also named as Buoluo ball, a kind of sports activity recommended by Tang Taizong in ancient times, spreads extensively among the nobles and becomes a common practice in the palace. This is the earliest polo-playing image of our country. It is even more concrete and vivid than the widespread picture of "playing the polo picture" of Tang dynasty.


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