Xianyang Museum

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Xianyang Museum is situated on Zhongshan Street, which was initially a Confucian Temple. But later it was altered, reconstructed and opened to the public in 1962. It is a famous local history museum in China.

Xianyang City
Xianyang City was the capital of the famous Qin Dynasty that is 28 kilometers away from Xi'an. Qing Shihuang gained power in the city and finally established the first centralized feudal united multi-national state. After the unification of the six kingdoms, the new country was ordered by Qin Shihuang to build "racing road" aimed to strength his power upon the six kingdoms. These were wide roads used for the galloping horses and carts. There were three major roads, which radiated from Xianyang. One goes eastward to Hebei, Liaoning and Shandong. Another goes south to Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi and Anhui, and the third to Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region. The roads played an important role in the flow of products, army movement and the consolidation of the country's unification. In order to strengthen the power of the central government, Qin Shihuang gave orders to set up palaces with distinctive features from the former six kingdoms were put under house arrest. Meanwhile Qin Shihuang had the feudal noble and rich men of almost 20,000 families move to Xianyang. Xianyang was already a prosperous metropolis with about one million people at that time.

Xianyang Museum
Xianyang Museum
Xianyang was a vital communication line to northwest part of China during the Han Dynasty. It was also the imperial resort area the Western Han period. Of the eleven emperors of this period nine were buried here. Near the imperial mausoleums, there are also tombs of many imperial kingmen, civil and military officials. Therefore, Xianyang is known for its wealth of cultural and historical relics from both the Qin and the Han dynasties, from above and below the ground. Xianyang Museum focused its exhibition on the historical relics of the Qin and Han dynasties.
The construction area is 3,855 square meters the exhibition area is 1,216 square meters. It houses 15,000 or more cultural relics, out of which 4,000 are on display. The museum consists of four exhibition areas of totally six halls.

The first exhibition hall is mainly focus on the productive tools, weapons, metrology and some articles of daily life, such as iron bell, hoe and shovel, all of which proved the great development in the metal industry.
The second and third halls still belong to the Qin Dynasty. The model of the first Palace site and related cultural relics were on display.
The fourth one is concentrated on the Han Dynasty. The iron agricultural tools and potteries on show, in a large degree, demonstrate the level of agriculture and pottery industry, which provide a lot to explore our history.
The last two halls are full of color drawing terracotta warriors and horses, which supply us today many important practical materials on researching the military affairs, sculpture art, and fineries at that time.

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